Hanamai expresses the beauty of plants brought out by their mutual interacting in three dimensional space.
There is no distinction between main material and auxiliary materials. Compared with the set floral styles of the Ohara School, Hanamai does not have fixed rules as to the length of stems. In fact, there are no rules governing the size, angle, or direction of materials. To capture the sculptural beauty of the materials, themselves leads naturally to the expression of three-dimensional beauty in Hanamai. Therefore, it is necessary to take a flexible approach and develop a good eye for the colors, forms, and textures of the materials. Different materials may approach, touch, overlap, mix, or interlace with each other to create beauty through contrast or through harmony. The basic standard is to use two materials, while three materials would be the limit
This is a type of ikebana that is based on the highly decorative works of the Rimpa School, which flourished during the Edo Period. The goal is to capture in ikebana the decorative qualities of materials and the overall design effects typical of Rimpa works of art. To this end, the unique characteristics of plants are exaggerated or refined. For the most part, materials used are those found in Rimpa paintings. Mastery of the Rimpa Arrangement depends upon knowledge and study of the original works of the Rimpa artists.
Bunjin Style Arrangement
This is a type of ikebana that is based on a Japanese interpretation of the taste of Chinese bunjin, or literati. It gives much weight to the symbolic use of plants and has an expressive literary quality. Emphasis is placed on the elegance and poetic nature of rare blooms, shrubs and plants. The combination of materials is based on the subjects of the Southern Sung School of Chinese painting. Therefore, it is important to study such paintings as well as the paintings and writings of Japanese bunjin. The Bunjin Arrangement is not bound by floral styles, and materials may be freely arranged to express one's subjective view of plants.